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University of Toronto Mississauga
Women and Gender Studies
Karen Ruffle

Wgs – October 11 th systems of oppression - discriminate and privilege based on perceived/ real differences btw ppl -interlinked/intersect w/ inequality -multiple systems -ageism linked to sexism and lookism -double-bind: all potential options are limited -birdcage metaphor – “oppression” “all avenues, in every direction, are blocked or bobby trapped” - macroscopic level outside looking in, inside cage : microscopic view -oppression hard to recognize, must see structure as a whole system of inequality : racism, sexism, classism, ethnocentrism, heterosexism, ableism and ageism Institutions : social organizations that involve established patterns of behaviour organized around particular functions -meet needs of some groups better than others -systems subordination/domination : -assign gender-based rules, -unequal distribution of resources, - intersectionality institutions tend to divide by gender Role of Language in systems of oppression - language: sexist, racist dimensions -ideas/value (stereotypes, jokes), or ideologies contribute to inequality -role of media -role of religion -cliches: “self-made man” - “ghetto” : poor, urban, improvised connotation Prejudice - to “prejudge” something or someone -making judgment w/out complete/ inaccurate info -often unintentional : internalized|-ppl believe in the “truth” of stereotypes -complicity -“horizontal hostility” – the directing or imposition of anger toward those who we can dominate Race & the Body -gendered bodies : shaped by ideologies of gender – what is mean to be fem/male. Conditioned by social class, race, religion, language, ethnicity -race bodies: shaped by ideologies of race -racial belief systems determine biologically-based racial classification systems Racial Classification System -based on: skin, hair, eye colour, facial features -perceived race of ancestors : one drop rule – little bit of black in you makes you 100% black - hierarchies -status ba
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