Two potential influences on children: family, peer structure. Family is also a source of social conflict. Within family that child undergoes discipline and conflicts. First experiences conflict for resources, how to begin to influence other peoples behaviour, compliance: many non human primates live in groups, but do not break into family units. Five fundamental functions that are necessary if a society wants to survive: reproduction, economic services, societal order, socialization, emotional support. Family unit is still involved in reproduction, socialization, emotional support: those 3 are most directly involved with children. Soccer coach is presumably a positive influence on the child. These associations provide clues as to the type of parenting that produce. Negative aspects: power assertion; you are gonna obey this rule because i say so, missing opportunity to explain rules, or nature of punishment, to promote self control, affective in short term, parents get immediate compliance from children.