Took the professors notes and added on my lecture notes. Has most, if not all, of the lecture.
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INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY AND PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY:
LECTURE 1 – INTRO AND THEORETICAL HISTORY
What is Anthropology?
•Greek anthropos + logos – ‘human’ & ‘study’
•Interested in: When, Where, and Why humans appeared.
•How and Why we have changed
•How and Why we are different from each other
•How and Why societies (past and present) vary in customs & ideas
•Anthro. And physical archealogy
•Different possible focuses
•Enviro. People grow in
•The comparative study of human societies & cultures & their development
•Interested in population, societies and how they vary w/ others (present and past)
•There can be a cultural study on anything (ex. Bathroom graffiti)
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•The scientific study of language and its structure, including the study of morphology,
syntax, phonetics, and semantics.
Archaeology (BIG part of this course)
•The study of human history & prehistory through the excavation of sites and the
analysis of artifacts & other physical remains
•Not just ancient studies but urban too
- ex. Dig around cities and garbage
•Tracing cultural changes and explanations on why
•Different views on what culture is
•The study of biological diversity of humans, their ancestors and closely related
•Why people from different areas of the world are physically different and behavioural
•Focusing on Scientific study of the origin and development of the human species
•Scientific Method – 3 step process (VERY IMPORTANT)
•‘Hypothesis’ vs. ‘Theory’
- Develop a question/claim
- Test it w/ data
- If it is not true then you must refine the hypothesis until it works
- If it is true then it’s possible to make a deduction
- Then prove it’s repeatable w/ different data/experiments
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