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Lecture 7

ANTA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Dentition, Phenetics, Color Vision


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA01H3
Professor
Genevieve Dewar
Lecture
7

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ANTA: Human Beginnings- LEC 7 Oct 23
PRIMATES
Vision is dominant
3 color vision
Large complex brain
Complex social organization
Infant dependency
Specialized locomotion
Arboreal mammals
Manipulate the arboreal environment through grasping and dexterous hands and feet
WHAT ARE THE MAIN PRIMATE GROUPS
LORIS
MAMRMOSEY
GIBBON
HOW ARE HUMANS THE SAME OR DIFFERENT THAN OTHER APES?
Bipedal
Found in Africa
CLASSIFICATION SCHEMS FOR PRIMATES-RELARIONSHIPS
Phenetics: linnean style, similarities, differences
Vs
Cladistics: evolutionary branching or shared derived traits
HOW WOULD WE RECOGNIZE A FOSSIL APE?
Hominoids=greater and lesser apes
What traits separate hominoids from other primate groups?
HOMINOIDS
Large bodied
Tailless
Quadrapedal
Arboreal
Some tool use
2:1:2:3 dental formula
Y-5 cusp pattern
MODIFICATIONS TO THE HUMERUS
HOW TO DEFINE HUMAN ANCESTORS FROM FOSSIL APES
Lesser apes
Gibbons
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