ANTA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Upper Paleolithic, Gravettian, Aurignacian
Upper paleolithic & the journey to north america: three age system, stone age, paleolithic/old stone age. Lower: middle, upper, cultural stage begins ~40 kya, mesolithic/middle stone age, neolithic/new stone age, bronze age. Iron age: characteristics of the upper paleolithic, more refined stone tools (especially blades). Increased use of raw materials other than stone: a more varied diet, larger, more permanent habitation sites and dwellings, long distance trade of raw materials. Includes more blade tools (long and thin) and bone tools. Solutrean tool industry: 21-18 kya, exquisite leaf-shaped projectile points, very finely bifacially flaked and thin, magdalenian tool industry, 17-11 kya, very small microblades. Indicates that these individuals may have some level of value, as elaborate burials took place. First portable art by modern homo sapiens: abri blanchard, france (38 kya), resembles an animal (like a bull or ox), with many dots. Ice free corridor: clovis points, pacific coastal route, monte verdi, atlantic route.