Class Notes (923,443)
CA (543,255)
UTSC (33,026)
Anthropology (1,652)
ANTA01H3 (437)
Lecture

Chapter 13 notes

4 Pages
140 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA01H3
Professor
Genevieve Dewar

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Chapter 13 Notes:
The Meaning of Civilization:
x Civilization: cultures with a food surplus, social stratification, labour specialization, rule by
power, monumental construction projects, and a system of recordkeeping
x New Social Structures at ~9,000ya
x A consequence of the shift to food production is the development of enormous surpluses
x whenever there is abundance, density, and reliability of a food source, there will inevitably be
social & political complexity
x Powerful rulers and chiefs (priests and warriors) emerge to control, organize, & centralize the
supply & distribution of resources
x this eventually leads to the development of cities, civilizations, and modern life as we know it
x There are 7 categories of civilization
1. Food and Labour Surplus
¾ Food output was still low evry1 need to be involved in food gathering
¾ Improvements in farming technology by; using large animals for farming, and
ÁZÁíì}vi}uí}v[i}
¾ /víõõì[UÀPu]v}µv}µPZ(}}}(íïì}oUZrefore
allowing others to engage in other pursuits
¾ plow, draft animals, & the wheel
¾ Less people needed for food production
¾ Frees up a proportion of the population to specialize as non-food producers
¾ Artisans, merchants, soldiers, elite
2. Social Stratification
¾ Hunter-gather everyone is considered equal ( including age and sex)
¾ Paleo and many early Neolithic were egalitarian or pretty close to it
¾ Social stratification: difference in social system
¾ People born into social strata and stay there their entire lives
¾ With surplus food, requires managers and eventually elite
¾ like a pyramid, social status develops, with acknowledged differences
¾ King on top, artisans and managers in the middle, and farmers on the
bottom
3. Formal Government
¾ State Society: a formal government t with ruling class controlling the populace
by force
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 13 Notes: The Meaning of Civilization: N Civilization: cultures with a food surplus, social stratification, labour specialization, rule by power, monumental construction projects, and a system of recordkeeping N New Social Structures at ~9,000ya N A consequence of the shift to food production is the development of enormous surpluses N whenever there is abundance, density, and reliability of a food source, there will inevitably be social & political complexity N Powerful rulers and chiefs (priests and warriors) emerge to control, organize, & centralize the supply & distribution of resources N this eventually leads to the development of cities, civilizations, and modern life as we know it N There are 7 categories of civilization 1. Food and Labour Surplus Food output was still low evry1 need to be involved in food gathering Improvements in farming technology by; using large animals for farming, and ZZZ}LZE} KZ}L[ZE} L[Z72K] L} L}2Z}}}}o7Zrefore allowing others to engage in other pursuits plow, draft animals, & the wheel Less people needed for food production Frees up a proportion of the population to specialize as non-food producers Artisans, merchants, soldiers, elite 2. Social Stratification Hunter-gather everyone is considered equal ( including age and sex) Paleo and many early Neolithic were egalitarian or pretty close to it Social stratification: difference in social system People born into social strata and stay there their entire lives With surplus food, requires managers and eventually elite like a pyramid, social status develops, with acknowledged differences King on top, artisans and managers in the middle, and farmers on the bottom 3. Formal Government State Society: a formal government J with ruling class controlling the populace by force www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit