Darwin (ns) + mendel (genetics + molecular bio) = modern evo th. Darwin"s origin of species by means of ns . 1838 d reads malthus population essay. 1944 d puts evo th by ns. Huxley supported d (his representative and homie) Same conclusion as d (collecting specimen in indonesia) 1858 sent d manuscript named tendency of varieties to depart indefinitely from original type . 1858 d present paper to royal linnaean society (rls) quick, no peer edit. 1859 book = origin of species by means of ns . Malthus" population essay = organisms potential for pop growth outstripping food supply . M (human), d (species) = struggle for existence. Observation: nature has lots of variation, some favoured and some not = ns. Darwin"s comment on human evolution = humans have evolved. Went against church = god made everything perfect, no need for change. African great apes = closest human relative. Africa = earliest member of human lineage.