Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
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Anthropology (1,000)
ANTA01H3 (400)
Lecture 3

ANTA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Gas Lighting, Grave Goods, Syphilis


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA01H3
Professor
Carolan Wood
Lecture
3

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GOALS
PROCEDURE
FIELDWORK
ANALYZE
RECONSTRUCT
SITE
FORMATION PROCESS (CULTURAL, NATURAL, TAPHONOMY)
RECORD
ARTIFACT
ECOFACT
FEATURE
FOSSIL LOCALE/FOSSILIZATION
SUBSURFACE TECHNIQUES
INVASIVE
NON-INVASIVE
EXCAVATION
GOALS
TYPES (VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL)
PROVENIENCE
BEFORE EXCAVATION
LOCATION
METHOD
CONTEXT (PRIMARY/SECONDARY)
SITE MAPPING
DATUM POINT
RELATIVE DATING
STRATA
BASED ON LAW OF ASSOCIATION/SUPERPOSITION
SERIATION
BIOCHRONOLOGY
CHEMICAL DATA
WHY USE RELATIVE DATING METHODS
ABSOLUTE/CHRONOMETRIC DATING
DENDROCHRONOLOGY
RADIOCARBON DATING (14C)
K-Ar DATING
SAMPLE VS EVENT DATING (PROBLEM?)
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
CLASSIFICATION (EMIC/ETIC)
CLASSIFICATION/ANALYSIS (SPMGAP)
TYPOLOGY
RECONSTRUCTING SUBSISTENCE AND DIET
BIO ANTHRO

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PALEOETHNOBOTANY
GOALS
Reconstruct description of human culture sequence,
Reconstruct past life ways (hard to interpret)
Explain why culture changes happen or not happen
Know how arc record forms
PROCEDURE
FIELDWORK (plan, survey, excavate, record, recover)
ANALYZE (identify, measure, classify)
RECONSTRUCT (describe, explain life in past)
SITE (has the remains of previous human activity bones, garbage, many remains =
concentrations of evidence). Not just material but could be handprints as well
FORMATION PROCESS
CULTURAL deliberate/accidental human activity humans discard/lose things,
caching, ritual internment
NATURAL weathering (sediment accum by wind, water etc. water is strongest in
weathering, root growth tends to disperse things, burrowing animals, erosion and
gravity)
TAPHONOMY burial laws greek for death/burial processes b/w death of life and
discovery of the same body by an arc
How arg become part of fossil record need to know types of loss/info and intensity
of loss of info
Eg. Burial near river bank water action could sweep it to another place or erod
body
In relation to fossil in caves, large accum in bones
Maybe from human activity? But it’s actually carnivores
LOCATING
INTENTIONAL arc survey, ground survey just to walk around, aerial photo, satellite
imging found temples in central America in the jungle
ACCIDENTAL construction, agriculture, earthquake
RECORD (all past material remains of that site)
ARTIFACT (any item, object, manufactured/altered/modded by humans. Usually portable
stone point, ceramic, coins, glass bottle)
ECOFACT (natural object consumed/affected/unmodded by humans bones, teeth, shells,
seeds, pollen, sediments, jaw bone)
FEATURE (non portable artifacts barrial mounds, stone wall, hearth, building, irrigation
ditch, rock pile, midden, trees marked by 1st nations component modded by humans,
collection of rocks)
FOSSIL LOCALE (remains of life preserved in rocks bones, teeth, impression, foot print,
eggs, worm burrows, termite nests, plant tissues)
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