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Lecture

ANTA01H3 Lecture Notes - Homo Sapiens, Thomas Robert Malthus, Law Of Superposition


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA01H3
Professor
Carolan Wood

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LEC 1 ANTa01
ANTHROPOL (ANT)
Greek anthropos = human and logos = study of
Multidisciplinary and holistic framework learn from other disciplines eg
history, envi, poli economy
Use of biocultural model = integrate both bio and culture together
Look at problem (disease)
Scurvy vit C deficiency
What are biological conditions causing this look at cultural issues
Some reason why these ppl not getting enough C?
Relevance of anthro? (CHUMPE)
Understand humans in all times and places
Avoid misunderstanding/lessen intolerance
Avoids ethnocentric explanation based on own culture
Learn from past to better our future give sense of humility where we
belong place in bio world.
Practical concern eg health issues
Learn from past to solve current problems
FIELD OF ANT
CULTURAL ANTHRO study human culture
Patterns of learned beh/thoughts of members of soc
NOT bio inherited (but learned)
Deals with Language knowledge, beliefs, moral,customs, laws of
culture/subculture
ANTHRO LINGUISTICS study of human comm. or language
Language use, origins, form, function, social context, rlsps
Eg. Men speaking to women vs children
ARCHAEOLOGY study past human culture thru material culture (stuff left
behind)
Physical manifestation of human activity
Patterns of human beh based on landscape use (envi), distribution of
artifacts, features (firepits eg.)
Types of arch (HCUPZ)
classical (greek, roman)
historic = arch that deals with ppl with written records
prehistoric no written records
zooarch animal bones
urbanarch - modern day context, look to see what ppl have thrown out
PHYS/BIO ANTHRO
Study of bio dieversity of humans, ancestors and primates
Look as humans as bio organism in the evo framework
Progression of human condition
PALEOANTHRO evo of human anatomy and beh in fossil record
Phys appearance of skull
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LEC 1 ANTa01
Beh hunting, scavenging, fire, shelters
PRIMATOLOGY study of nonhuman primates (wild, zoo, or lab). Can infer the:
Beh
Anatomy
Genetics
Ecology similar adaptations to our ancestors?
SKEL BIO AND OSTEOLOGY (prof’s specialty)
Study human skel
Physio (function), growth and development (infant to puberty etc)
Skel of past pop to reconstruct life conditions and adaptations
Eg. Cementtary pop if growth/dev similar to modern day?
In past growth was slowed down
Health related issues can be rel to envi
Skel in legal context (forensic anthro = identify unknown human remains)
Eg. Time since death, trauma, manner of death, mode of death (never
do we do the cause of death)
HUMAN BIO (study of living humans as opposed to skel remains)
Growth and dev (not just skel)
Adaptation (in regards to disease, envi)
Genetics
Interrlsp b/w all these diff things (diet, health, culture, evo)
WHAT IS SCIENCE?
SCI METHOD (SM)
Observation collect data
Make HYP = prelim explanation/generalization about way things work
Collect data to test hyp (thru obversation and experimentation)
Interpret data (determine if it supports or reject hypothesis)
hyp must be testable or falsifiying it’s never proven, only fail to reject
only support, not prove hypothesis
THEORY set of repeated tested/passed HYPs
Eg. Th of evo supported by evidence
EVO APPROACH
EVO THEORY =
generalizaed th of dev of life
Basic tenet of bio sci
For anthro we look at features of human bio and culture and view as
adaptations
We look pimrarily at evo rlsp of humans to other
primates and
other cultures
why study history? Or dev of evo th?
In the past, major roadblocks in regards to evo th
Eg. Ppl thought world was flat
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