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Lecture

Week 7 Lecture


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Victor Barac

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POLITICS
OVERVIEW
1.Social Control
1.Managed to control society
2.Conflict & Conflict Resolution
1.What happens when social order is broken down?
3.Political Organization
1.Political societies are concerned with how a new government is going to
influence things? Not much
2.Comes from the Greek word Poleis or Polis, which is the classical Greek term
for the city/states, it meant the common wealth or the common good
3. It was conceived primarily in the city states, not the large entities
Social Control all societies must deal with social order and disturbances to the social
order,
1. Imperative for social order
How societies bring equilibrium when they are thrown out of balance
2.Sources of disorder
Natural sources, environmental things, e.g. floods, earthquakes, volcanoes
Social (internal) sources: riots
Disorder can be external between states
Disorder can be from institution set up to promote laws (i.e. tax laws, segregation
laws in the states, apartheid)
1.Pervasiveness of social control
Can be subtle, everyday socialization (bringing up your kids)
Can punish them or take away their privilege
Everything from social norms to legal sanctions, etiquette
A combination of practices and institutions and put them all together
Formal (explicit, codified, defined, available to all of society) Mechanisms of Social Control
LAWS define what is right/appropriate behaviour
1.Binding rules
can be written and codified or oral
2.Backed by force
Backed by threat of force
3.Legitimated by ideology
Legal systems have to have some sort of respect to be legitimate
Informal Mechanisms of Social Control
1.Socialization the process by which people acquire the culture by where people live
It teaches the norms and values of society to the young
People create positive attachments at an early age
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Strong psychological compulsion/attachment to please their
relatives/families/parents (called esteem or desire for respect, can be competitive in
nature)
Societies set up a reward system you will be granted a certain respect and have
access to social services and will be conferred to a certain esteem that other people
dont get
Reward system is a way of reinforcing the desired behaviours in society
2.Gossip
Is a major form and powerful means of monitoring peoples behaviours and
communicating their behaviour and evaluating them
A form of intra group communication a form of in-group social control
3.Shaming & ridicule
Ways of communicating disapproval of peoples behaviours/intention/posture
Ridicule is a way of deflating/diminishing peoples esteem
It involves social embarrassment
Joking is a subtle means of ridicule, when someone says a joke and someone takes it
offensively, but really they’re not
Its a way of conveying something in a more subtle way, indirectly
4.Witchcraft accusation
Once youre accused being a witch, then theres something immoral about that
In societies where witchcraft is strong, they fear witchcraft that can exert negative
effects that can influence you
People talk about it and there is general fear of arousing the envy of witches (e.g. the
evil eye)
People can cast a spell on someone
People fear
Conflict
1.Political violence
1.Rebellion
Mass uprisers, people rise up to protest harsh conditions or bad rule or
too much tax or the debotchery of rules
What rebellions are uprisings or protests against being mistreated in
whatever unjust way/treatment
2.Coup dÉtat
Grabs for state power
An attempt by an organized political group to seize the reins of
government power
Is a digital phenomenon all or nothing (may be killed)
Theres no promise/guarantee that youre going to end up with a better
society or a just government, may end up with worse government than
before
3.Revolution
Are also involve a coup détat, but the aim is to alter the nature of society
www.notesolution.com
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