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Lecture 1

ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Discourse Analysis, Participant Observation, Ethnography


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Bianca Dahl
Lecture
1

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ANTA02 Lecture 1 Introduction to Course
January, 2 2017: Week 01
So What Exactly is Anthropology?
Humans past and presents behaviours, lifestyles, language, cultures,
Evolution of humans includes primate behaviour
Huge discipline 4 fields (Archaeology, Biological, Linguistic, Sociocultural)
Archaeology/Physical:
Material Culture
Digging up things, looking at tombs, evacuating dig sites
Specially, material culture of past human societies
How we live and how we changed over time
Also look at contemporary societies
Biological/Evolutionary:
Human population change over historical times from an evolutionary perspective
Disease, migration, diet, nutrition, biological diversity, etc. through the lens of
exploring, gathering from human remains (dead bodies) that they dig up and learn up
Issues like primate behaviour and communication
Study of human evolution
Linguistic Anthropology:
Human communication (also non-verbal) language systems and non-verbal
communication (i.e., body language, emotional states, gestures)
Discourse analysis ways of talking, language, breaking down linguistics
How language shapes and reflects people’s values, beliefs, worldviews
Evolution of language through human communication how language changes
Language ideology
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2
Comic: compound words, joke that different words for snow (hundred words for snow), world
around you shapes the way language operates; there is a greater vocab for different types of
snow. Languages shapes based on our language and it sheds light on the world of how
intuits view their world.
Last Two Speakers of Dying Language Refuse to Talk to Each Other:
Two elderly people who live in Mexico live close together but they refuse to talk to
each other; they are the last ones who speak a dying language “ “
About something everyone does everyone texts nowadays
Sociocultural Anthropology:
Study of how humans interact (lived culture, everyday lives, how culture is created and
reformed through daily life)
Culture differences
Making sense of human interaction “people watching”
Medical Anthropology: (Sometimes field, not included in 4)
A 5th field acknowledges it’s a separate field
Focuses on how health and healing are expressed differently in cultures
How hospitals and doctors operate in their knowledge of disease
Body issue (variations in body issues in different cultures)
NOT separate field it can be approached from the socio/culture or biological aspects of
anthropology
Disclaimer: Whenever we talk about anthropology, unless otherwise specified we mean
sociocultural
Stereotypes of Anthropology:
First book “The Innocent Anthropologist – notes from a Mud Hunt” – they study
bizarre weird cultures and they lived in mud hunts in a weird ethnic group and then they
write about they experience
o There is some truth to this
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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