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Lecture 4

ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Emic And Etic, Music Therapy, National Post

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Bianca Dahl

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ANTA02: Lecture 3 Culture and New Media
January 23, 2017
Transforming rage and loss transforming those feelings to more positive feelings through song
and dance
Piet “Music therapy”
o A social place for psychotherapy where children can think about their grief and lost
o Piet transformed smile to frown on a girl and asked children to sing with sad faces, those
children were reward for performing songs in sad body language
Incentives to change the ways they express their feelings
Grace and Dikeledi:
Show the kids lose their ability to code switch they began to perform the wrong emotions in the
wrong contexts
Grace showed confusions about her emotions she began to be coached to express saddens that
led her to be alienated from her community
Main Point: How people’s feelings become part of the material and social consequences these programs
The child’s sense of self begun to change because they were rewarded for acting differently
Emotional Economies:
Thinking about how emotions are prompted, felt, experienced, expressed, and circulated
o Emotions becoming exchanged for material goods
Emotions can be thought about as objects that are constituted by and animated through social
relations (following Mauss)
o Emotions are actual things that have social currencies
Bound up with material economies
Sad Faces: re-writing Pascal’s Dictum:
Dance sorrowfully, sing with sad faces, and you will be healed
Pascal wrote that combat the notion that belief came first if you make your body obey then you
will believe if we act in stereotypic ways then that is repeated then those became your beliefs
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If we make children act sad (express the right emotion) then they will experience the loss and
Humanitarian “hard” versus “soft” interests (de Waal 1997:66)
o desire to provide help, safe space whenever you see a clause because hard and soft the
hard always wins
More than “unintended consequences”
Intrinsic to the very DNA of interventions like Bathusi
The Aftermath:
Bathusi was shut down in 2006 by the gov’t b/c they illegal took children to north American to
perform; Piet and Wife escaped the police
Some of the orphans have done well, others are alienated from kin, struggle to feed themselves
General negative reaction against “entitled” orphans across Botswana
What Lessons Could We Give to Bill Gates:
Donor purse-strings are connected to donor heart-strings but this can lead to troubling practices
Failed aid projects can cause lasting, serious damage -- humanitarianism,
development, and global business initiatives are serious undertakings, with moral responsibilities
Key Points:
Rosaldo's argument (that we need to pay attention to the “emotional force” of a practice) might
not be enough!
o Emotional force is the kinds of feelings that are experience
We must also reflect upon the challenges of “reading” and interpreting emotions, the
limits of our own empathy, and the recognition that it’s not just the “force” of an emotion that
makes it significant it’s how emotions are understood in the first place
Lessons for Anthropological Methods:
I wrote this chapter from the end backwards (starting from the story of Dikeledi’s tears, trying to
make sense of it)
It’s also really challenging to get outside one’s own ways of being in the world
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