In search of respect
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Cultural capital is when one has understanding of culture for example
primo in search for respect lacks cultural capital to work in a office because
unaware of dress code for office and does not communicate in a office type
of manner. Also, another example of this is that Bourgois did not have
enough cultural capital when he was talking to the police who thought he
was a drug dealer or a undercover police because he tried to explain
everything to the police in proper English then later, he learned from street
culture that when talking to police he has to talk like primo and them.
Bourgois at the end had some knowledge of street culture.
Example for structural agency: For Primo and Cesar: street culture is their
structural agency. Agency is embracing street culture and underground
economy which can get destructive.
Enclave: any small, distinct area or group enclosed or isolated within a
larger one: a Chinese-speaking enclave in London.
On a slide in the race lecture, it says racial worldviews caused inequalities
and not the other way around. Does this mean that Europeans had racial
worldviews and felt physical characteristics of natives and black people were
used to justify slavery, which is what, caused inequalities? In order for
colonialism and a slave-based economy to work, there needed to be a way to
justify the mass exploitation of one group of people (African slaves) by
another group (white slave owners). A racial worldview was developed
alongside the slave trade in order to justify it (ie--if you think Africans are
natural labourers, and Europeans are natural landowners, it's easier to justify
slavery). However, the racial worldview was a construction--Africans don't
make ideal slaves because they are "naturally" stronger; rather, the belief
that Africans are naturally stronger makes slavery seem "natural", too.
"Race is an idea for people to determine aptitudes and intelligence based on
physical characteristics from the rise of colonialism and the slave trade."
Firstly, racism is not a biological category but before it was a widely used
method for categorizing social status and intelligence. For example (speaking
from a colonial/slave trade historical context) a person of colour would be
considered 'strictly good for just physical labour' and a person that is 'white'
would be considered 'rich'. Historically, that is how you would determine a
person's race. But today, that is obviously not used.
Dr. Kenneth Clark conducted an experiment with black children where they
were given a black doll and a white doll and they were told to choose and in
most instances the majority of the children chose the white doll
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