Slide 1: final is not cumulative, etymology of ethnicity: Race is treated as a biological aspect. Has to do with origins and ancestry: ethnicity arises as a result of trying to understand what cultural bearing aspects are. Slide 3: binary is like 1 or 0 (on or off/this or that). Gender (males or females), nobles or common (blue blood or part of unwashed masses), white or blue-collar jobs, employed or unemployed, sexuality (homosexual or heterosexual), citizenship, friend or enemy, etc: segmentary. Nepotism: condition where relatives and friends are chiefdom is seen as related. favored in everyday dealings, businesses, transactions, getting jobs, etc. It is the expected, the norm in many parts. If you are not showing nepotism in botswana, you are being immoral: phenotypic: easily observable traits. Can be classic, adaptive traits like skin color, body form, things related to climate adaptations, etc. Light colored skin people-cold and can"t get vitamin d.