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Anthropology (1,000)
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Lecture Notes

Course Code
Maggie Cummings

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Anthropology Tuesday, March 8,2011
Final-Essay question and short essay questions-based on second half of course
primitive or modern-not scientific ways of categorizing people, talking about culturally
constructed value or moral judgement
modern-very specific sense, specific way of talking about certain aspects of societies
contemporary- means now in this day in age
Primitive vs. modern relationship, notions of time
Before midterm talked about time and money, and how certain culture doesn’t have
tense. Time is something that can be measured and so on.
Seeing future as being ahead of us, it’s the destination.
We also see time as linear, moving in one direction, you cant move back and forth.
Were always moving toward the future, to our goal.
The movement of time is seen as the movement of progress, movement of time makes
things better. More improve in technology, people are more rational.
The future is going to be better than the present.
NostalgiaIslamic view, before Darwin time was religious. there was a time before time.
time started with the creation of the world and the universe. there’s a prediction that there
is an end.
The world is about 4000 years old. World has beginning and end.
In 19
century, Darwin changed view of time: ancient time, medieval time, and modern
ancient timepharaohs
He changed the view of these 3 specific times. He said how there was more time that
wasn’t accounted for.
The idea of pre history implies a time before literacy.
History requires someone writing things down, it requires literacy.
When Europeans encountered people with out written texts they saw them as less
primitive and less culture and social because they didn’t have history.
Primitive people were seen as living ancestors, living fossils, the new record of what was
happening in time. (Europeans saw them like this).
Talked about living fossils as if they weren’t contemporary.
These people were seen as existing to teach Europeans about there unknown past, their
They were also seen as needing to be civilized, needing to be developed.
If they were outside of history, they were outside linear of time.
Ex. many hunter gatherer groups are represented as stone age people. they hunt, gather,
and are subsistent. they rely on age and gender to categorize people, and kin for
classification. Stone age people suggest they haven’t changed since stone age.
They are contemporary with us, they haven’t time travelled out of stone age to live here
Another ex. of notion of time and being primitive, are aboriginal people. They were there
at the origin of time. It is often used to convey authenticity. We think they are traditional,
primitive, but not modern. If we value progress, development and advancement, its easy
to push them out of the way(they need to get with OUR time).
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