ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Altruistic Suicide, Black Market, Essentialism

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Published on 15 Aug 2012
School
UTSC
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA02H3
ANTA02: LECTURE 10 : 20/03/2012
Racism as Plural:
Culture & biology
There is no way to divide human population as races
Social category: races may not exist but racism does
Worldview: ended up creating: policies, institutions
Not the consequences of biological inherence
Racisms: one of the difficulties as anthropologists is taking about race without being essentialist
Social & Historical context
Racism takes different forms in different ways: modes of exclusion, inferiorization, exploitation, subordination
Relationships between: class vs. gender, race vs. gender…….
In Search of Respect:
- They experience discrimination in racial terms, they have certain inabilities.. innately like a certain way
Interconceptulization
Agency vs. Structure:
Social identity, social roles determine much about our behaviour, rights, etc…..
Our identity can be divided into different parts
We possess free will: individuality
Society is more than an “abstraction” it’s made up of us
Durkheim’s study of suicide (1897): “suicide seems like the most personal, individual choice you can make”
He learned: there is a relationship between agency & structure that shapes these personal choices
People, who are more integrated in their community, were less likely to commit suicide…
Altruistic suicide: killing yourself for someone else’s benefit
Individuals tend to act according to their social identity
Agency: the power of individuals to choose what to do & how to act based on intention & choice
Larger forces: political economy, institutions, ideaologies…etc
Is free will an illusion? > if our choices are structured by an economy
If someone is poor, is it their own fault? Or is it the agency the reason for their poverty?..
Are the poor & unemployed trapped?
People at the bottom have little agency, little opportunity
In Search of Respect:
Main points on 143:
The crack dealers are victims of structure forces, but do not accept this passively.
They struggle for respect against these forces by embracing street culture & underground economy.
BUT they become agents of their own destruction & further oppression by doing so.
Political Economy:
- Puerto Rico was colonized by the Spanish
- It’s location was important as no one wanted to give it away
- Since it was right in the middle of the Caribbean, they used it as a launch pad
- It remains militarily important b/c of its proximity to Cuba
- Manufacturing pub: Puerto Rico
- When the US first took over Puerto Rico, they established large agro businesses (banana, sugar plants)
- People were expected to go there and work
- Most of the farmers were forced: Jibaro “wild” : hillbillys – stayed up in the town & they were pushed up of the
land, living a poor life and they had a heroic aspect to them
- They resisted state control
- Many of the Puerto Rican’s moved to New York in the 1st half of the 20th Century
- New York was being over runned by people living in Ireland, Puerto Rico
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Document Summary

There is no way to divide human population as races. Social category: races may not exist but racism does. Racisms: one of the difficulties as anthropologists is taking about race without being essentialist. Racism takes different forms in different ways: modes of exclusion, inferiorization, exploitation, subordination. Relationships between: class vs. gender, race vs. gender . They experience discrimination in racial terms, they have certain inabilities innately like a certain way. Individuals tend to act according to their social identity. Society is more than an abstraction it"s made up of us. Social identity, social roles determine much about our behaviour, rights, etc People, who are more integrated in their community, were less likely to commit suicide . Our identity can be divided into different parts. Durkheim"s study of suicide (1897): suicide seems like the most personal, individual choice you can make . He learned: there is a relationship between agency & structure that shapes these personal choices.

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