This question, initially addressed by french sociologist emily durkheim in the early 20th century became the basis of much anthropological studiesx in the 1930s and 1949s through the 1960s. Evans- pritchard became famous for the theory of structural fucntionalism aimed. His work inspired functionalism because he argued that society was a kind of organization that could not be reduced to the motives and intentions of individuals. That society precedes the individual, therefore the individual is in the service of societal needs. Society exerted a moral force upon individuals through collective representations or the. This type applies to societies in which all members have a common, shared, social experience, but who do not necessarily depend on each other to survive. A society integrated by mechanical solidarity was presented as an absolutely homogeneous mass whose parts werenot distinguished from one another, and which consequently had no structure . A society where people do not need to rely on each other to survive.