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Lecture 1

ANTB14H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Binomial Nomenclature, Horsepower, Gastroenteritis

Course Code
Michael Schillaci

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Biological Beginnings – Week One
Dr. Schillaci Office: MW340 Hours: 11am – 12pm email??
Evolution “change in gene frequency (%) within the population from one generation to another”
Midterm: 30% multiple choice Lab Quizzes: 35% practical bell ringers Final: 35% cumulative multiple
choice, short essay
Anthropology: Holistic and comprehensive study, biological, cultural
Social behaviour can affect our biological instincts
Field studies, lab studies (osteology and DNA testing)
1) Primatology NHP, typically field studies,
2) Paleoanthropology, multidisciplinary study of speciation and biological evolution, advent of and
changes in human cultural activities, interested in NHP and humans behaviour
3) Human Variation, spatial and temporal variations in human features, climate conditions, skin
colour, geographic location
4) Medical Anthropology, social, environmental, and biological factors influence health on all
levels, such as ebola (global) or stomach flu (local)
5) Forensic Anthropology, focuses only on skeletal remains to determine age sex ancestry cause of
death and stature
Researching in ways that are descriptive casual and applied to testing scientific theories (diurnal vs
nocturnal due to location). Test hypotheses using the scientific method.
Scientific Theory:
Linnaeus: taxonomic system and binomial nomenclature, species specific, taxa/taxon, classification
scheme (inclusive to exclusive)
Kingdom Anamalia, Phylum Chordata, Class Mammalia, Order Primates, Suborder Anthropoidea, Super
Family Hominoidea, Family Hominidae, Sub Family Homininae, Genus Homo, Species sapiens
Leclerc: biogeography “father of taxonomy”
Lamarck: soft inheritance *no longer an acceptable bio evolutionary theory*
Cuvier: catastrophic
Hutton: uniformitrianism, natural process operating in the past are currently still in motion (erosion)
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