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Lecture 10

ANTB19H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Theodor Herzl, Manifest Destiny, Ethnography

Course Code
Donna Young

of 3
Comparative ethnographies: she is looking for our ability to compare Ishi the last yahi
and films (two seperate colonialisms)- Alex Lubin's text is important
Salvage anthropology:
Mitt Romney said the "culture makes the difference", in order words Mitt Romney is
blaming the misfortunes of Palentinians on his understand his culture (within it he saw the
word of God, Jew's are the god's people and therefore they should get the land)
Manifest Destiny: the idea that Americans should conquer the West part of
America and they should govern (it was used to justify the robbery of the land and
hide the slavement of people)
It is the belief or doctorine held chiefly in the middle and later part of 19th century
that it was the destiny of USA to expand its territory over the whole of North
America and to extend and enhance its political, social, and economic influence----it
incorporates 3 key ideas (1. their institutions are more virtue than others 2. idea of
mission, 3. they had a notion of destiny---they believed the American people were
destined to rule the entire continent)
Alex Lubin talks about how Americans can be prone to feel sorry for the Israelis from long
time ago (they see Israelis as being similar to them therefore they see the Palestinians as
being like the Native Americans)
Good use of comparisi=on: when you are able to deconstruct and see the ideologies that
underlie the cultural/political things
Bad use of comparision: when you use your perspective to analyze other cultures
Double alienation: when you start to do an ethnography, you are always comparing things
to your own culture but when you study a 3rd culture, your opinions tend to be objective
She compares the check points in Israel to the Torah Borah (Torah Borah is supposed to
be the place in Afghanisthan in where the Taliban was hiding out)
Zionism: is the movement for the reestablishment and protection of a Jewish nation and
what is now Israel (it was established in 1897 by Theodore Herzl who declared the aim on
Zionism was to establish a national home for the Jewish people secured by public law----it
drew on Jewish religious attachments to Jerusalem and the land of Israel but the politics of
Zionism was influenced by nationalist ideologies and by colonial ideas about European
rights to claim and settle in other parts of the world ie. manifest destiny)
In some ways it is the creation of Europe
It was the idea that Jewish people needed their homeland since before that they
were always diaporatics (there were two reasons: 1. pogroms: murderous people
in Russian empire 2. the Nazi genocide during World War II where 6 million Jews
were slaughtered)
One of the reason people hated the Jews was the rise of Christianity: people saw
Jews as t killers of the saint
British mandate period: British took Palentine which later became Israel--- the
aim was to get rid of the Jews by giving them their own home
You have Jewish people migrating into Palestine and buying land (it is the first
real period of Zionism)--- the first form Zionism takes is called labour Zionism (it
has it's growth in Russia, it's the idea of linking nationalism to socialism
Haganah, Palmach (both of these were for a long time meaning the key groups
that formed the labour party)
The second form of Zionism is the revisionist Zionism (contemporary and goes
hand in hand with the labour Zionism)- Jabotinsky (head person in revisionist
Until world war II, most relgious Jews are not Zionist (they believed in diaspora, they saaw
Zionism as against god's will)\
In 1967, there was a 6 day war both Egypt and Jordan attacked Israel (because they
wanted to reclaim the land of Palentine and Israel army absolutely pushes them back)
After 1967, there is a third form of Zionism (Israel's victory in the war gave rise to the first
religious form of Zionism)---- they never thought this would happen so they saw it as a
form of God's will and it is a time to return to Israel
ESSAY: intelligent comparison of Ishi the last yahi and East side story film and compare
the effects of the ideology of the manifest destity to Zionism in Israel (draw from various
essay, come up with a thesis and argument, prove that we can take something from...), films
are the main resources and the other readings are secondary resources