Lecture 10.docx

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16 Nov 2012
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Lecture 10
Jerusalem…The East Side Story by Mohammed Alatar
1923-1948 fell under British.
British declared promising Jewish a home in Palestine.
November 29th: UN voted to partitioned Palestine into two states: Jews
and Arab.
56% Jewish State
44% Arab State
In Palestine, Jew pop 33% and Jew land ownership 6%
May 14 1948, Jewish state was declared. War between Israel and Arab
countries.
Arab lost war and Israel captured 78% of historical Palestine including
west, east Jerusalem.
War created refugee problem. 2000 had to leave.
March 1948, Jordan and Israel signed to form what is called green line
now. Israel side of green line is capture 78% Palestine.
Jerusalem stood divided between east and west.
Jews were not allowed to visit western wall and Palestine weren’t allowed
to return home in west Jerusalem.
Palestinian lady said: “we live in fantasy they live in denial, one day we will
come to reality”. She wants to go back to live in her house.
1967, fatal point for Jerusalem. Cradle of holiness added another chapter
to bloody history. After 6days of fighting, all of Jerusalem fell into Israel’s
hands.
Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians needed refuge.
The 1967 defeat shocked Arab world.
Israel became toxicated by victory. Revealed more of Israel’s plans for
Jerusalem. Israel wanted conquest of Jerusalem to be the final one.
Boundary of east Jerusalem expanded stripping Palestinian land and
pushed outside new boundary. 40% expanded land was designated as
green land that Palestinians can’t use and making them only have 13%.
Jerusalem declared capital of Jewish state.
Palestinian president said: “when they demolish the homes it is like ethnic
cleansing”.
Family unification: granting spouse to live in Jerusalem with you. This
happens when a Palestinian from Jerusalem married a Palestinian from
somewhere else. Michael lives in Bethlehem and Carmen with the children
in Jerusalem. Carmen goes weekly to visit husband in Bethlehem. If
children go they can’t come back.
Prohibiting over 3 million Palestinians from coming into Jerusalem.
Only specialized hospital is in east Jerusalem. Must get Israeli approval to
enter hospital.
In some cases permit give to only children (as young as 6 years old) must
go alone without parent. Must travel few times from west bank.
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Document Summary

British declared promising jewish a home in palestine. November 29th: un voted to partitioned palestine into two states: jews and arab. May 14 1948, jewish state was declared. In palestine, jew pop 33% and jew land ownership 6% countries. Arab lost war and israel captured 78% of historical palestine including west, east jerusalem. March 1948, jordan and israel signed to form what is called green line now. Israel side of green line is capture 78% palestine. Jerusalem stood divided between east and west. Jews were not allowed to visit western wall and palestine weren"t allowed to return home in west jerusalem. Palestinian lady said: we live in fantasy they live in denial, one day we will come to reality . She wants to go back to live in her house. Cradle of holiness added another chapter to bloody history. After 6days of fighting, all of jerusalem fell into israel"s hands. Hundreds of thousands of palestinians needed refuge.

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