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Lecture 11

ANTB20H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Informal Sector, Commoditization

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Girish Daswani

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Lecture 11: Global Outlaws
Whether or not you are the citizen of a country or not, you still abide by their laws
Law has a very deep history (it’s based on certain assumptions)
Anthropologists try to study what is legal by also considering what is illegal (those
who fall outside the legal boundaries are deviant, immoral people)
Movement of items across boundaries is not something new (it is connected with
legal and illegal)
“Law” and the State of Nature
He was born in the 13th century (followed Aristotle)
He said that state of nature is about the community (all human beings are political
Idea of pure state of nature was also created in 17th century by Thomas Hobbes (by
nature we are evil and we will go after our desires----- survival of the fittest)
o His idea of nature was different (what is there before the law comes into
regulating our activities)
o Law is necessary (anthropology as a discipline was also implicated in the
question of law)
o What allowed people to co-exist when there’s haven’t been any legal system,
nation states and the ANSWER WAS KINSHIP!!---Ancestors served the same
purpose law serves now a days
Drawing a line between legal and illegal (acceptable and not acceptable)
World acts according to these believes
Where there isn’t religion, law acts as a final source of authority and exercise a
social, regulative, function
EITHER RIGHT OR NOT (certain types of marriages are acceptable while others are
Concept of right and wrong
People can judge
Economic and political value
The range of commodities that can be purchased have expanded (sex, votes, you can
even pay someone to have your child)
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