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Lecture 9

lec9.docx


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTB20H3
Professor
Girish Daswani
Lecture
9

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ANTB20 Lecture 9: Global Migration
Increased movement
- tied with globalization
- in the past, researchers have tended to take territorial units for granted in
their studies i.e. assuming that societies take on a territorial form
o more interested in people arriving one flow
- methodological nationalism lens through which researchers studying
migrants based on the nationality and took for granted that people belong to
a nation/arrived from and to a nation state.
o However, people can simultaneously belong to more than one nation
o (VS assimilation)
- globalization (borderless world or deterritorialization) implies a major
reorientation of approach
o according to appadurai: ethnoscape
o and reterritorialization not just bound by a territory/nation state
but through migration, they are reassuming their new lives to the new
state.
Appadurai: the imagination as social practice
- ethnoscape
- push and poor factor i.e. Filipinos migrating to Canada to become a nurse
Reterritorialization
- attempt to fix and stabilize a place, a country or a region is itself a product of
global migration
- also includes the idea or imagination of you could leave for a better life and
you potentially leaving again.
- Migrants continue to imagine links to specific places and territories in their
travels
- People organize experiences and create meaning in different ways,
recreating ideas of ‘home’ and ‘away’, ‘local’ and ‘global’.
- Continuum where you come from and where you are going to
o Economic transactions/remittances, social and relation involved in
one moving to another country, political, cultural connection,
emotionally tied, communication, etc.
Transnational capital flows
- overseas remittances contribute to a substantial portion of many developing
countries GDP, helping start new business, feed and educate families and
build new homes
- many first world economies depend on cheap labor from less developed
countries in sustaining their own wealth and first world status
Transnationalism
- trans: movement elsewhere/cross a border/leaving behind
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