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Lecture 4

Course Code
Girish Daswani

of 4
Trans- Nationalism and Imagined Communities
Idea of homeland constructed through a revolt, revolution, and rebellion
Forms of interaction, and communication and ideas that cross the borders
Assumption: why globalization is something so new, and the flaws cannot be
tracked, and politics
Nation-state revisit the general assumption
oNation- state more important in managing the global flow
oVery popular term that has been used in the social sciences
oAs something that has not been there before, technological and kind of
oI imagined the community of how we conceptualize the transnation
Possibly nation state is not the only mean in which we talk about
Go through the general assumption
Think about all sorts of things (on slide)
Sometimes states or nations are identified, and speak about people who come from
different nations as a citizen
oAll belong to different cultural ethnic groups
oHas border than become dependers or dependable
oPart of the nation state- linked to our own personal biography
oMission state never really exisited to the mid 20 centuries
oWhat we see as the world now, all the borders used to divide countries
Constructed in the sense that they have only emerged of the last 50-60
oSpeak about boundaries, people who are included and excluded, and stages as
a part of that state
oNot just something that comes from topdown
But we as citizens participate in this construct by participating in
national ceremonies, sports, and army and such
Reconfirms the thing called the nation state
Personal experiences are also linked to other people who share the
Imagined Communities
oThe idea of the nation became before the nation state
oFormation of nation state, bringing different identities together
oWe all now belong to this nationstate
Very specific regional identities prior to this
These ideas were becoming more pulled apart, but the nation was
being constructed, is a part of the social imagination in the sense of
peoples everyday life
Peers with someone else who lived in the outside circle
Forging closer attachments of people called the nation state
Examples: Olympics
Transnationalism- has a certain terms that means something (trans and national)
Globalization just talks about the globes and connects and so on
But Transnationalism
oMoving through space or across lines
oAspiration or motivation of movements, you are trying to move outside or
oAt the same time on the one end
You have the idea of nationalism
How we identify with identities that shape them through borders
Transnationalism doesnt necessarily means globalization
When we take the definition
oBasically influencing national politics
oHuman rights?
Changes and transnationalism
Methodological Nationism
Social scientists have stated to assume that the nation state is sort of a starting
Nationally linked to the policy of refugees, and the regulation of movement
Need to move beyond methodological nationalism
Assumption that the nation/state is the natural social and political form of the
modern world
Transnational ways of being belonging require abandoning a geographically-fixed
approach to identity and community without neglecting the continuing significance
of border regimes and sate policies in the control and regulation of movement
How is nation/community/society Imagined
Implicit mapping of cultures onto places
Within this space cultural difference, historical memory and societal organizations
are inscribed
Place others at the border of national boundaries (newcomers, migrant workers,
X- culture is now being brought into our homeland
oHow do people tend to associate culture and identity
oWe are assuming that there are going to be people at the border all the time
oWhat are the social classifications of who is a citizen