Lecture 4: Nationalism as a template for Globalization (28th January)
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Nationalism as a Template for Globalization
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•Dissolving barriers like time and distance (time-space compression)
•Make political border increasingly irrelevant (borderless world)
•Hybridization of cultures and mixing
•Intensification of connections between different parts of the world and our increasing consciousness of this
Nation states are looked at less important as before.
•People are moving, transfer of capital, etc.
Some have argued that with the advent of globalization, state boundaries are becoming less important; facilitating the
flows of people, ideas and capital while also making these boundaries porous and insignificant.
We need to revisit this assumption through looking at the difference between the nation-state and the nation as
•A political entity whose existence is based around a defined territory, within which the institutions of the state
have power to implement policies through legislation.
•Under international law, these boundaries are constructed as fixed, and states have the right to protect and
police their borders, controlling mobility of people, capital and resources across them.
•came together in a specific moment in time due to the specific changes in terms of economics and politics.
•Brought different people together.
Nationalism Globalization…why is it the case?
•Nationalism is also linked to the creation of a nation-state, which is, in a sense, a modern creation.
•New modes of transport (steamboat) and other technological advancements
•Nationalism a certain idea of home, race, culture
oHow they belong to a common identity, which then becomes essentialized.
It defined who they were.
•Ex: We are “Canadian”
oNo longer subject to the dynasty, the queen, etc but rather they were citizens. They had rights.
•People share an identity as citizens of a nation based on common culture and history.
•These people contribute to the rituals and discourses that form the state – building and protecting the state.
oEx: voting, celebrating “national” events,
•Each individual can only be a citizen of one nation-state.
However, what happens when the nation-state is seen to fail its people or only benefit the elite?
How do people re-imagine their own identities and subjectivities vis-à-vis the nation-state?
•Globalization is indeed mediated by and through nation-states
•Government control the economy and the state
Ex: Tamil Tigers, Quebecers No nation-state but they have nationalism (essentialized identity)
Points to note: