Culture and Identity Politics as a Response to Globalization
•Having a ‘culture’
•Possessing a ‘history’
Hybridity and mixing <-> purification (creation of distinct identities)
Multiculturalism in Canada, required?
•Strong sentiments of nationalism at that time
•Rather than a separation to take place, multiculturalism was brought
oIe: more than two groups in Canada
•Royal Commission of Biculturalism and Bilingualism
oFormed by the Liberal Government at that time
oSaved Canada from ‘literally’ splitting apart.
•European policies were presumed to be ‘better’.
‘Multiculturalism’ as a driving force behind the construction of culture in
•Why was it adopted?
•What gets left out?
oInequalities that exist certain cultures that need to be addressed
•Who are ‘we’ as Canadians?
oAside from “eh”, hockey, etc.
oImportant, dependent on context!
^People are more divided, in some ways. Assumption that people are
becoming more homogeneous/similar contradicts the fact that there are more
ethnic clashes/conflicts within the nation.
•Colonialism assigned ‘groups’ to people, to be control them/mediate
oAt the same time, people do it themselves to assert their claim.
•Ex: Kosovo; conflict with ethnicity as well as religion.
•Ex: Turks and Greeks
•Ex: Separation of Pakistan from India
oDue to political conflict; prior to this, everybody co-existed.
•FOBS vs ‘I’m from here’
oAllows you to stake a claim that they don’t have
oYou are different. Moreover, you are better/superior.
Culture and identity politics as a response to globalization. Identity politics: having a culture", possessing a history". Hybridity and mixing purification (creation of distinct identities) Multiculturalism" as a driving force behind the construction of culture in. Canada: why was it adopted, what gets left out, inequalities that exist certain cultures that need to be addressed, who are we" as canadians, aside from eh , hockey, etc, important, dependent on context! marks a distinction a value assumption. ^globalization lead to the intensification of these types of changes. A shift of anglo-saxon migration to non-white" migration. Importance given to what it means to be a canadian": canadians faced with the new influx of migrants. forces them to think about themselves as well as others: claim of identity! Multiculturalism: different cultural groups must" get along, we must tolerate" each other, we must get along with each other, limits and boundaries still exist though.