Lecture 6: Cultural Citizenship and the Body Politic (14th February)
(1) Gregory, S. 2007. Chapter 5 of The Devil Behind the Mirror
Ong, A. 1996. ‘Cultural Citizenship as Subject-Making: Immigrants Negotiate Racial and Cultural
Boundaries in the United States’. Cultural Anthropology 37 (5): 737 – 762.
•This paper views cultural citizenship as a process of self-making and being-made in
relation to nation-states and transnational processes.
•discuss institutional practices whereby nonwhite immigrants in the First World are
simultaneously, though unevenly, subjected to two processes of normalization: an
ideological whitening or blackening that reflects dominant racial oppositions and an
assessment of cultural competence based on imputed human capital and consumer power
in the minority subject
•consider citizenship a cultural process of "subject-ification," in the Foucaldian sense of
self-making and being-made by power relations that produce consent through schemes of
surveillance, discipline, control, and administration
•"cultural citizenship" to refer to the cultural practices and beliefs produced out of
negotiating the often ambivalent and contested relations with the state and its hegemonic
forms that establish the criteria of belonging within a national population and territory.
•"the modern attitude," an attitude of self-making in shifting fields of power that include
the nation-state and the wider world.
•what appear to be attempts to make all immigrants adhere to standardized, "color-blind"
norms are in fact attempts to discriminate among them, separating out the desirable from
the undesirable citizens according to some racial and cultural calculus.
•Camboadians are referred to ask ‘refugees’ and Vietnamese are referred to as
‘immigrants’ because Cambodians are content receiving checks from welfare which
requires them to do nothing
•Cambodian customs regarding family roles and gender norms have become if not
irrelevant at least severely undermined as men fail to support their families and wives
become more assertive in seeking help
Lecture 7: Identity Politics as a Response to Globalization (28th February)
(1) MacDonald, K.I. 2006. ‘Memories of Tibet: Transnationalism, Transculturalism and the
Production of Cultural Identity in Northern Pakistan’. India Review 5(2): 190-219.
•the cultural activism that is emerging in Baltistan is facilitated by transnational exchanges
of people and information--unique in at least three respects. First, the production and
dissemination of information occurs largely in the absence of internet technology and
widespread migration. Second, it occurs in the context of a predominantly conservative
Shi’a population. And third, through a kind of auto-orientalism, it is appropriating and
reproducing stereotypic representations of “Tibetan-ness” in an effort to construct an
“authentic” cultural identity that can be deployed to distinguish Baltistan from dominant
negative Western representations of Pakistan