more subtle interactions (e. g approach/withdraw, displacements, facial threats, cowering, etc) doesn"t have to be violent or touching can be a signal all types of agonism. pic of ring tailed lemur (clear female dominance) undecided (cannot tell who is dominant)- hit but no clear out come. pic of red bellied lemur ( no clear female dominance) baboon lots of aggression easily identifiable hierarchy, true for alot of owms. some w/in-group dominance relationships are linear hierarchies (transitive: a >b >c; some are non-linear ( non-transitive: a >b, b a) can be found in ring-tailed lemurs. ring tailed lemur if ears are flat or go flat- low ranking, ear are up high ranking www. notesolution. com. displacements (also called supplants) lower ranking loses spot to higher. Fear grimace- these signal are sometimes used to say okay i know where my place is i don;t need to physical hurt me.