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Lecture 11

ANTB22H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Bonobo, Habitat Fragmentation, Habitat Destruction


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTB22H3
Professor
Joyce Parga
Lecture
11

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ANT B22
LEC 11
MARCH 31 2011
MOUNTAIN GORILLAS
Habituated mountain gorillas by imitating their behaviours, sounds (scratching
herself like a gorilla act like one)
SLIDE 2
Rawanada,Africa
SLIDE 3
Relatively low levels of aggression
Primarily vegetarian diet (foilivores)
SLIDE 4
Poaching
SLIDE 5
Aggressively confronted poachers
Used local people beliefs to scare them for her own purposes
GORILLAS
Habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, logging
Poaching, grazing by domesticated animals
BONOBOS (PAN PANISCUS) (make love not war)
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Mother-son bond strong continues into adulthood
Sons dominance rank is largely determined by mothers rank
SLIDE 2
Female bonobos have strong bonds with one another (common chimp females do not)
SLIDE 3
Females can forage together without intense feeding competition due to food
abundance
Allows strong social bonds to develop among females
BONOBOS (PAN PANISCUS) SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
used as reconciliation
Used as a greeting
SLIDE 2
all ages and sexes engage in sexual behaviours
g-G rubbing (Genito-Gential rubbing)- females do this
Rump-rump contact- males do this
COMMON CHIMPANZEE (PAN TROGLODYTES)
Tool use (e.g., termite-fishing)
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