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Lecture 11

Lecture 11

7 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTC61H3
Professor
Peter

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[LECTURE 11]
Biological Citizenship
Biological Citizenship
Our relationship with parents, socially formed relationships
Biological to social categories of mother and fathernaturalized
Reproductive technologies forces to relook at these meanings of motherhood and fatherhood
Facts of society and facts of nature
Biology of creation (process of procreation)creating kinship
Notion of kinship to link social and biological
Primary/natural
Displace other ways of understanding human relationships
- divergent ways of representing peoplecollective, clans, extended families – have different
consequences and model of relatedness
Biological relatedness of kin through common ancestor
Even notion of incest varies between culture
Diff. models of conception anchor diff. models of paternity
- how sexuality resulted in pregnancy
- multiple acts of sexuality with diff. partners to procreateto find father, can use dna test
What is blood? How is it produced? created diff. notions of relatedness
Sharing food ex: breast milk – related, therefore if become a couple by someone you shared milk,
means incest – not biological relation, but social
Legal sanctions involved what constitutes the family – notion of family intersects with multiple
domains
Thompson
studies ARTs
culture in the making – relationships not stable
- legal decision vs. Clinical – dont always mesh closely
Multifaceted
Marcia
In vitro fertilization in EgyptIVF create great hoax and may also dashes them
Medical Anthropology |
1
www.notesolution.com
[LECTURE 11]
Biological Citizenship
Infertility as a crisis in a married womens identity
Biomedical model and popular models of conception – dont connect, leads to understanding and
misunderstanding - also raises moral problems
Strong investment in the natural creation of foetuseslaws against adoption
Child to be your own, needs to be gestated and carried in the womb
Child conceived outside the womb, in a tubeseen as a morally problematic
The tubeIVF seen as babies of the tube – not clear what tube theyre talking about
fallopian tubes vs. ... not clear and own knowledge VARIES..different assumptions
Kahn - Israel
Women as infertilearchetype of suffering strong discourse and value of barring children
Religious, social and political in alignment
Sperm donation is smiled upon
Israel has more fertility clinics per a capita than any other parts of the world
Accessible to single mothers – great social support and healthcare system
- goal of building the next generation and growing Jews
Issues of adultery – taboo in Torah
- how do we understand that in
- use of non-Jewish sperm
- Jewishness thought of being transferred through the mother
Reproducing Jewsethnography by Susan Kahn
- describes complex negotiations of religious significance of an alienated form of procreation
- traditions of interpretations
Inhorns 8 constraints on IVF in Egypt
1/ classout of reach for many people, wealthy and infertile in get ARTs
- stratified reproduction – how technology is implemented on the wealthy is able to reproduce, where
the other social classes is denied
- viewed as a form of violence”
- show class divisions and exacerbate it
2/knowledge
- popular morality contrains natural discussion of sexuality
- wealthier patients had better understanding and those with less education didnt under the procedure
- more accessible and understandable for wealthier women
Medical Anthropology |
2
www.notesolution.com

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Description
[LECTURE 11] Biological Citizenship Biological Citizenship Our relationship with parents, socially formed relationships Biological to social categories of mother and father naturalized Reproductive technologies forces to relook at these meanings of motherhood and fatherhood Facts of society and facts of nature Biology of creation (process of procreation) creating kinship Notion of kinship to link social and biological Primarynatural Displace other ways of understanding human relationships - divergent ways of representing people collective, clans, extended families have different consequences and model of relatedness Biological relatedness of kin through common ancestor Even notion of incest varies between culture Diff. models of conception anchor diff. models of paternity - how sexuality resulted in pregnancy - multiple acts of sexuality with diff. partners to procreate to find father, can use dna test What is blood? How is it produced? created diff. notions of relatedness Sharing food ex: breast milk related, therefore if become a couple by someone you shared milk, means incest not biological relation, but social Legal sanctions involved what constitutes the family notion of family intersects with multiple domains Thompson studies ARTs culture in the making relationships not stable - legal decision vs. Clinical dont always mesh closely Multifaceted Marcia In vitro fertilization in Egypt IVF create great hoax and may also dashes them Medical Anthropology 1 www.notesolution.com
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