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Lecture 10

Lecture 10


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTC61H3
Professor
M U R R Y
Lecture
10

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Biomedical Embrace
ANTC68 - Lecture 10
Idea of Modernity
How are priorities determined, who gets access? issues of power
Attainment of modernity
Biotechnology leaves hope for those who have access vs. Those who are excluded
- medical imaginary how effective and imaginative circulate in popular culture
- related to hegemony and how biomedical is expressed
- AFFECT SIDE! rips peoples imagination and illicits commitment
- capital investment in biotechnology research, articulation of news findings
ex: stem cells in the human genome project
belief in research to develop cures, products in markets those who participate this is
what good
means in medical hegemony - ex: popularity of life science enrolments
Dark Side
Organ black-markets , medical scandals, side effects of medication
- how biomedical imaginary circulate this imagined idea
Appadurai
imagination is a critical field in processes of globalization
- circulation of images in media , currency that can produce change in medical world
- modernity
- Africa, biomedical knowledge power of medicine to cure diseases
- potent tool to driving conversion modernity
How have anthropologists investigated biomedical technology?
- how about challenges in enduring concepts like personhood, kinship, family
trouble the line of culture and nature life and death - trouble these boundaries and
create debate gives rise to conceptualizations
Who gets access? What services are de-emphasized, to make another service possible
due to limited budgets?
body snatchers - drug people and deliver the body to a hospital
Production of modern medicine
Troubles that emerges related to modification of organs, who owns body parts? What
rights and obligation do diff. bodies have with alienated body parts?
www.notesolution.com

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Biomedical Embrace
ANTC68 - Lecture 10
Lawrence Cohen Article?
- medicine progress, advancement part of medical imaginary
Statistics improved survival rates (marshalled and brought together, organ
transplants saves lives, raises hope for those critically ill) hope templed by
shortage of organs
- waiting for organs lines long supply and demand need to look at, translation of
organ as inseperable from human body and currency
- organs in black market prices
Shortage of organs
bioavailability role of poverty in donor populations and exploitation process they
go through to make something part of their body for sale what process?
transplant technology new defn of life and death those living with ventalators
what arte they?
Sociality of organs organs transfer new meaning of relatedness and how they link
unrelated people to new forms of sociality
Producing Shortage!
Organs live outside host opulation dont necessary belong to human being
Become alienable - from the body and the person they are produced
Organs for transplants, those that are alive cannot be fractioned or cloned, limited
social life for two human beings donor and reciepient
Development of Psychopromne rootination of transplant surgery possible
Some place voluntary donations (HAS TO BE!) kidney can be donated from living
person
Imagined of being in short supply, metaphor of shortage embedded in transplant
discourse shortage exists because donations have increased (a lot fo work required
to make people to want to donate) national shortage list getting long
Other factors, decrease in traffic fatality, trauma units are better at making people
from being brain dead, intensive care unit and organ team (time frame, waiting for
organs), populations in most societies are aging populations (ideally want younger
donors)
Margart locke
- find stuff that supports the pts. Above
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Biomedical Embrace
ANTC68 - Lecture 10
- population, demand decreasing
- poverty and inequality
- pool of increased recipients (those who are elibgible) - broadened transplant world
where there is also shortage
- reason for increase wait time reason all these people
- live donors, better than dead donars
- transplant tourism Canada, purchase elsewhere
Bioavailability
Lawerence Cohen?
- 292—295 take home pts summarizes the ethic challenges of organ sales
- concept
- what circumstances drive people to conceptualize the body parts as for sale
- poverty and endeadedness - lack of socialized healthcare and inequality
South India, did his work
- no long term health of donors dont do follow-ups , but quick to address they will be fine
- rural (migrant populations dont have fixed addresses)
- gender dynamic men (travel) women in urban areas
- how is this being negotiated in the family
- women being interviewed says, didnt want husband to donate cause he works, then
he asked her if she worked and she said
- men vs. Women bodies whose health is more expendable circumstances of
pressure, how could say no
- decision to sell kidneys, due to debts kidney belts live kidney donation part of
money lenders, how transplant enterprise to help their business collateral
- those who were in debt, were back in death money lenders taking advanger,
collaterializing the body of the poor
- in particular context, evaluate differently! Business operators see potential to do their
- structural inequality driving this to happen in the poor
- slippage in ethical arguments of organ procurement organ sales should be legalized
(surgeons in private clinics, etc)? Individual rights movement to communitarian movement
(one that suits their needs) changing term of argument and keep dragging pt home to
different context
Sceptical of those vs. Naive discourse of kidney
middle rosy picture vs. Horro picture
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