ANTA01 Introduction to Anthropology: Becoming Human
Lecture 1 Introduction to Anthropology
Thursday, September 13, 2012
What is Anthropology?
A four field discipline including archaeology, biological anthropology, social/cultural
anthropology, & linguistics.
This class will focus on archaeology and physical anthropology.
Archaeology is the study of human history % prehistory through the excavation of sites and
the analysis of artifacts other physical remains.
Maritime archaeology, study shipwrecks and evidence of the slave trade.
Historical archaeology, picture depicts vessels found at the Lakeshore, involves finding of
History involves written records; pre-history involves a lack of writing. 99.9% of this class
will involve pre-history.
Monumental archaeology involves excavations.
Paleolithic/Cave archaeology is the form of archaeology the professor is involved with.
Biological anthropology is the study of human bodies, more specifically, the science of
human zoology, evolution, and ecology.
Biological anthropology includes forensics, primatology, and palaeoanthropology.
Become familiar with the image of 6 various skulls.
Bioarchaeology, where one looks at burials as a whole, inferring ritual ideology, belief
systems, and world views. How do we figure out what cultures years ago believed of the
world? Through bioarchaeology.
Bog bodies, in Ireland there are bogs that preserve the skin, finger nails, and hair. The bod
body is called the *** man. He was killed in 3 different ways to appeal to the 3 different Gods.