ANTA01 Introduction to Anthropology
Lecture 4 Two Video Presentations
Videos are part of David Attenborrough who points out the type of primates.
Professor would like us to notice their mode of locomotion, how they define their social boundaries
referred to for each species, some primates use sense and some use vision, do not worry about
names of individual species, but have general idea of lemurs vs. monkey, when talking about higher
order primates, pay attention to their social order because we use these species as models to
interpret fossil species.
The Life in Trees - the first video
Primates include lemurs, monkeys, apes, and man.
o Lemurs have a cat-like tail.
o The long snout gives it a dog like look.
o No dog or cat has a grasp as the lemur.
o Its hand gives it away.
o Lemur is one of the most primitive primates.
o Lemurs mark on trees to note their movement.
o A certain species of lemurs specialize in jumping, and lives in Madagasgar.
o The long hind legs make jumping well, but walking on all fours impossible.
o Another species that lives in Madagascar is the largest with a well-developed voice.
o This species has no sight thus use their voice to state where they are located.
o Some lemurs have survived by being nocturnal, and uses scent to mark its territory.
o For another species, it’s huge eyes support vision and it doesn’t use scent.
o One species, the marmoset, show their genitals as a show of threat.
o Howling of the other species of monkeys, the howlers, marks their territory, and they have
the loudest noise of primates.
o These monkeys are quite large and have problems accessing food on the outer branches, but
hey have found a way to come ahead of this, by their grasping tail.
o Like all monkeys their sense of smell is dull so they must hold fruit very close to the nose to
decipher if it is ripe.
o The monkeys also have very good color vision. They are the most vividly colorful of all
o Monkeys’ exploitation of color is a worldwide phenomenon.
o But there is difference in those that live in South America and those that live in other areas of
o Many species came down from the trees and were as happy on the ground as they were in
o No monkeys in Africa developed grasping tail as monkeys in South America so they seek to
the ground rather than trees.
o Baboons have developed a taste for a wide variety of food, not only vegetation, but insects
and small rodents.
o Male baboons are big and powerful to defend their troop.
o On the ground there is also danger, lions. The big males keep order with visual signals. o The eyebrow flash is quite sufficient as a threat, but has to b