Class Notes (807,216)
Canada (492,664)
Anthropology (1,560)
ANTA01H3 (412)

NOVEMBER 29 2012.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Genevieve Dewar

NOVEMBER 29 2012  Ancient civilization linked to agriculture and food production  Civilization o We need to have food and labor surplus o Wealth o Social stratification because people will want to control the wealth  Government forms for social norms o Ability for specialized labor o Development of recording and writing  Oldest civilization is from Jehrico, Israel  Religious leaders, warriors, economic leaders = 3 realms of power come from o People stand up to take control ^ o Players on how we develop civilization ^  Plough - Instead of one person till the fields, oxs’ are used and few people needed to till the field  Wheel helps long distance trade of item  Development of social stratification o Merchants do long distance trade  Police to protect them  Government council o Farmers are lower  Formal government to take care of redistribution of wealth, safety, and people getting enough to eat o Attain power through  Rank born into position  Authority  obtain position. Such as good warrior, etc. when they die, it wont continue like rank  Labor specialization o Early potters o Next came black smiting o People who are not linked to food production, are expected to specialize  Monumental architecture: o Starts of as food grain house o Reflecting the power of the leaders to control enough people to build such monuments  Dense population o Children move to the city to use their crafts o Relationship between hinterland and city  Record keeping o Origins of writing in pictograms o Knowledge is power o Development of scribes  Leaders made sure everyone can read this o Inca civilization – grass skirts was a way to communicate  6 classic theories of the emergence of states o race  o environment determinism environment dictates where people will develop civilization. o the urban revolution V. Gordon Childe: rather than food surplus being the cause, raw materials = plough and
More Less

Related notes for ANTA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.