November 15 2012 Lecture:
Identify homo sapiens vs any other one / (humans have)
Fossils appear 200,000 years old
o Found in Eastern and Southern Africa
Refer to lecture slide for pictures:
o Omo 1
Eastern Africa - 195,000 years old
East Africa – 165,000 ya
o Klasies River Mouth
Souht Africa – 125,000 ya
Southwest asia 100.000 years ago where early homo sapiens found out of
AMHS – anatomically modern Homo Sapiens
Tools of homo sapiens are similar to neanthertals
o They actually end up doing this for 100,000 years.
o 2 ideas about behavior
1) Upper Paleolithic revolution eating more shellfish and
omega fatty acids. Resulted in burst of behavior change.
Made tools on blades
Fishing and catching birds
Long distance trade
Use of jewelry
Art earliest sculptures of them all is the ‘Venus of
Willendorf’ which is made of limestone (11cm high).
o ‘Venus of Brassempouy’ is the sculpture with
face, which is made of ivory.
o In Europe male figures are rare.
They typically wear costumes portraying
shamans or dancers
Africa they are more common
Man in a deer costume (spring
Burials earliest burial comes from the site cal