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convergance theory.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA01H3
Professor
Mortenser
Semester
Winter

Description
Convergence Theory  theory assumes that when a collectively/large group of like-minded individuals come together, collective action is the most common outcome  individuals in a collectivity are behaving according to their own beliefs but do so with the protection of others behaving in the same manner  when applied to frustration-aggression theory, collective behaviour can explain why riots and racial violence occur  riots are civil disorders stemming from a social grievance, caused by a disorganized crowd exhibiting aggression, who may turn to acts of violence, vandalism, and destruction of property  example: when members of a collectivity may be part of the same social class, ethnicity, gender or age group, they’ll find it easy to act out because their frustrations are the same  when the collectivity gains momentum and popularity, sometimes its origins become unclear or distorted  sometimes the collectivity may degenerate into extreme violence (ex: Nazi Party’s hold over Germany, and the consequences of that collective behaviour led to the Holocaust) The Rational Decision Theory  theory assumes that people make rational decisions whether or not to participate in collective behaviour  the motivating factor is always based on self-interest  according to the theory, individuals have a specific number/percentage of other people who must already be engaged in the group before they will join  this number is the individual’s threshold—a level/point at which something would/wouldn’t happen (tipping point)  individual thresholds widely differ  individuals prefer to favour larger groups over smaller ones, and more organized groups over less organized ones  individuals are likely to participate in collective behaviour if the threshold and size/organization of the group is met  when individuals participate in a collective group, they don’t fell responsible since everyone else is taking part in the activity, causing many people to follow a group mentality  people enter collective behaviour carefully, and they consider all the possible consequences ahead of time  collective behaviour needs a person wit
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