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Lecture

disorders.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA01H3
Professor
Mortenser
Semester
Winter

Description
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)  a type of anxiety disorder characterized by the reliving of traumatic events through flashbacks and nightmares  can commonly lead to insomnia and depression, and can result in increased aggression; also commonly found with alcohol abuse  was first known as shell shock (when soldiers returned from WWI); after Vietnam War became PTSD and a mental disorder  typically experienced by war veterans; however it can be experienced by anyone who undergoes a traumatic event  treatment for PTSD:  cognitive behavioural therapy  medication  group therapy (for mild and moderate symptoms only)  exposure therapy (commonly used in military): a person retells the traumatic event in detail again and again until the stress is reduced when they retell it  after a traumatic event (hurricane, rape), an approach is critical incident stress debriefing where people are encouraged to talk about their feelings immediately after the trauma  however, it`s shown this increases chances of PTSD as people are given enough time to naturally process all emotions  virtual therapy is being tested with American veterans of Iraq—a form of exposure therapy where the veteran enters a 3D virtual simulation of combat, providing hands on experience similar to what the veterans experienced in combat  hope that virtual experience will help them work through their combat trauma Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)  a type of developmental disorder characterized by inattention, impulsiveness, and over activity  problem is based in the brain but affects how a person acts—inattention, impulsiveness, over activity (usually beginning at age 7)  twice as more boys get it than girls  symptoms include: procrastination, accident proneness, boredom, nervous energy, inability to finish projects  there is no `test` for ADHD—is diagnosed by psychologist or psychiatrist  children with ADHD have slower cognitive and thinking skills (these skills are key to managing and regulating behaviour and performing the tasks necessary for academic success—memorizing facts, remembering homework, completing projects, being on time, finishing work etc.)  ADHD kids are more creative and link various ideas together, and looking at the big picture  ADHD can be caused by a mother who smokes or drinks during pregnancy; can be genetic  medication is used to treat symp
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