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Lecture 3

ethical issues lecture 3.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough

The Invasion-Succession Model  when people are looking for a new home, they begin with an idea of where they would like to live, and then consider what features they would like to have in their neighbourhood  ex: a young couple may choose a neighbourhood with an active nightlife  a symbolic interactionist would say people see themselves reflected in the neighbourhood  a popular theory used by sociologists to study the inner workings of a neighbourhood  according to the theory, a neighbourhood is like a biological ecosystem, and the residents are the native species of the ecosystem  because of personal buying decisions/trends, neighbourhoods begin to take on a homogeneous appearance (all the inhabitants resemble one another in the areas of family structure and socio- economic status)  when members of the species move away, this creates vacancies for new groups to move in; interestingly, sociologists have realized that when “second species” move in to a homogeneous neighbourhood, the original species made room for them and the 2 species coexisted peacefully  however, when a third species entered, the status of the third group was quite clearly subordinate to the second group  in the end, the first and second species exerted pressure on the third group to assimilate and be absorbed into the daily life of the neighbourhood; in some rd rd cases, the 3 group was driven out, while in other cases the 3 group changed the neighbourhood so much, the original group moved  neighbourhoods are more likely to lose a visible minority group rather than the loss of whites—for example, more than 50% of neighbourhoods that consisted of groups of UK/French origin, Europeans and Asians had changed so that only UK/French origin and Europeans only existed Demographic Studies and Sociology  demography is a separate field from sociology, and it studies the statistical structure and development of human populations  demography and sociology have a lot in common  demography creates an important source of information to sociologists to show how a society’s population is living  governments and independent researchers are interested in this kind of data  urban concentration/population density is an important theme for demographers—the increase in the number of people in urban areas was a large part of the development of urban sociology  aging is another conce
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