Class Notes (837,548)
Canada (510,312)
Anthropology (1,602)
ANTA01H3 (417)
Mortenser (61)
Lecture

gender and culture.docx

3 Pages
46 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA01H3
Professor
Mortenser
Semester
Winter

Description
Gender and Culture  sex and gender isn’t the same thing  sex is biological characteristics (XX/XY chromosomes, genitals etc.)  gender is culturally constructed (what it means to be male/female is defined by the culture/society)  gender is culturally constructed through:  symbols associated with gender (specific clothing)  values of gender (are males and females equal)  behavioural (how should males behave? how should females) Female Identity and Culture  many females make choices based on expectations and strive to meet the ideals of their female gender as set out by their culture  ex: Western culture, women are more nurturing and caring than men Body Image in Niger  body image is the most variable way that we construct our sense of self  in Canada (and other Western nations) the ideal body for women is tall and thin  body image is culturally constructed, the ideal body shape varies between cultures  Niger is located in the desert of the Arabs (south of Algeria and Nigeria)  in this society (and the rest of Western and Central Sahara), the fat female form is celebrated, desired, and actively pursued  women try to become and continue being fat  when they step on a scale at the doctors, they carry their purse/shall to weight them down  girls eat a porridge of millet and milk  after puberty and in early marriage, they eat a dry couscous (to maintain fat)  stretch marks are desired (they’re sung in love songs)—they believe anyone can get stretch marks on the stomach; but stretch marks on the arms and legs is a real achievement  when researcher Rebecca Papenoe studied them, the Niger women preferred not to talk about their fat  they didn’t want to be looked down upon by a westerner  fat was a sexual and desire topic—their society was very restrictive on sex  fat is ideal in certain cultures as it represented status, wealth and reproduction (being fat = eating food = money) Male Identity and Culture  what it means to be a man (and how masculinity is defined) varies across cultures  in Canada, gender roles are changing—it use to be thought of that women cared for children; however, today many men are forced to take more responsibility than before (because women are in the workforce now)  masculinity caries across cultures: in some hunting is masculine (Philippines, woman hunts); in others writing poetry is (Western—romantic); in others wearing a skirt is
More Less

Related notes for ANTA01H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit