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ANTA01H3 (417)
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industrial society.docx

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Industrial Societies  industrial societies have the majority of the population not working in the production of foods and goods needed for subsistence  most people worked in wage labour—work for which wages are paid  people are paid for their work, not their products  ex: producing goods in a factory  the Industrial Revolution started in England in the 18 century, but Canada wasn’t an industrial nation until the 19 century (lasting to 1970s)  families sold their labour to earn wages to then buy their food from someone else with  factories and farms increasingly relied on machines, and with the increase in the efficiency of shipping (rail and sea), the specialization of labour forces became possible  industrial societies have a market economy, where price, supply, and demand are often more important than kin networks and individual prestige  industrial societies are more complex and larger—people living in close proximity often don’t even know each other Postindustrial Societies  since the 1970w, Canada has had a postindustrial economy  majority of the population doesn’t work for subsistence or an industry producing things; most work in the service sector, producing information or providing a service  wage labour is still a big part of the system, but those jobs don’t pay as well and are often part-time (ex: retail or food service), and have little security and benefits  information is the product that is bought in sold  ex: before the postindustrial society, when you bought music, you bought a CD which included the cost of producing the physical object; in the postindustrial society, when you buy music, you buy the digital file (iTunes)—you don’t pay for any physical objects  the postindustrial society is a global system, with items being transported over vast distances  ex: a t-shirt—cotton grown in India, shirt sewn in China, t-shirt printed in Mexico, Designed and sold in Canada  this is called globalization—the process by which economies, societies, and cultures become integrated through a worldwide network Distribution Types in Canada  Canadian economy largely operates on a market system (where supply and demand determine what’s produced), there are still elements of reciprocity and redistribution in modern Canadian society  ex: taxes are collected by a central agency (government) and redistributes wealth to pay for health care, roa
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