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marriage norm.docx

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Marriage, a Cultural Universal  almost all cultures of the world have the cultural institution of marriage  as with many other cultural institutions, marriage varies enormously between cultures  it varies so much that it’s hard to define marriage in a way that fits all cultural variations  anthropologists believe the functions of marriage to be:  defines social relationships to provide for the survival and socialization of children  defines the rights and obligations of the two people to each other in terms of sex, reproduction, work and social roles  creates new relationships between families and kin groups  in Canada marriage began to change in the late 1960s; before then, marriage was:  consisted of man supporting wife and kids  people married within their own social group (race, religion, socio-economic class)  difficult to get divorced  children born outside of marriage were shamed  changes in Canada’s marriages:  interracial and interfaith couples  same-sex couples and same-sex unions—recent legal changes allowed same-sex marriage to occur, because of the societal shift in the acceptance of homosexuality  fewer same sex marriages choose to have children; however, children can be adopted, created via reproductive technology, or come from previous marriages  many couples today choose not to have kids (big change from before)  this means only 2 of the 3 functions of marriage applies  how people meet and date has also changed—many use online dating sites Na Society—No Marriage  there are no formal marriages in this society  the Na are an ethnic minority of Tibetan-style Buddhists in the Yunnan province in China  their language has words for mother and children, but no words for father or marriage  women live with their brothers and other maternal relations  the men help to raise their sister’s children  at night, the men visit women at their homes for sexual relations—there are no words for illegitimate, infidelity, promiscuity, or incest  however, there are rules forbidding sex with anyone living in the same household  there’s no jealousy among partners, and both men and women are free to ask or refuse a p
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