Class Notes (835,434)
Canada (509,186)
Anthropology (1,586)
ANTA01H3 (417)
Mortenser (61)
Lecture

middle eastern.docx

11 Pages
35 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA01H3
Professor
Mortenser
Semester
Winter

Description
Mesopotamia-Key Words/Concepts: Epic of Gilgamesh -first piece of written literature -written in cuneiform -story is of a Sumerian king who ruled Uruk around 2600 BCE Anthropomorphic -gods had human traits (appearance and characteristics) Polytheistic -people worshipped many gods and goddesses Lugals -the king of city-states Ziggurats -high temples -dedicated to a god’s honour -house for god while on Earth -daily offerings of food for god Key Rivers of Mesopotamia -Euphrates and Tigris -provided fertile land for crops -irrigation -transportation Sumerians (3500BCE to 1900BCE) -Achievements -government and law, military, wheel, cuneiform writing, Epic of Gilgamesh -Weaknesses -struggle for power between city-states Assyrians (1900BCE to 1300BCE) -Achievements -Hummurabi’s Law Code, trade (Arabia, Persia, India, and Asia), Currency (Shekel, Mina, and Talent) -Weaknesses -weak kings had trouble controlling the empire Babylonians (1300BCE to 609BCE) -Achievements -library (20,000 clay tablets), use of iron, perfected drainage and sewage system, roads, post office -Weaknesses -to big for one leader to handle, borders attacked, struggle for power after a kings death, ruthless Egypt-Key Words/Concepts: Hieroglyphics -system of writing Ka -spiritual duplicate -heart -stayed in the tomb and needed food, clothes, etc. Ba -personality -human-headed bird -can leave tomb Akh -physical remains -must be preserved to go to afterlife Ma’at -goddess that personifies order and truth throughout the world Pyramids -built during the Old Kingdom as tombs for pharaohs -controversy over how they were built -covered in lime stone Accomplishments of New Kingdom -army is developed -arts -many monuments are built -trade extended Accomplishments of Old Kingdom -hieroglyphics improve -pyramids are built -pharaohs become rulers Mastabas -a tomb with sloping sides -evolved into the pyramids -mastabas->step pyramids->pyramids Saqqara -first pyramid -step pyramid -built by Imhotep for Djoser Egyptian Wall Painting -Profile -head looking to the side -full eye visable -Colour -men painted red-brown -woman painted yellow-brown -Stance -hips 3/4 turned -chest and shoulders shown from front -Scale -size reflects status -men>woman -Proportions -hands and feet larger than should be Demotic -form of Egyptian writing Scribe -someone who is responsible for writing things down Mesopotamia-Key People: Hammurabi -king of Mesopotamia -created a code of law -one of the earliest collection of laws -had physical punishments and fines Ashurbanipal -ruled most of the then known world -managed to hold togeth
More Less

Related notes for ANTA01H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit