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Social Belonging and Groups  individuals are part of many different groups which individuals interact with—family, friends, teams etc.  the feeling of belonging to a group is an essential element of living in society  social belonging is based on solidarity—the ties that unite members of a group, and these ties allow individuals to experience social belonging  a dyad is a group consisting of 2 members (ex: married couple, best friends), and it’s the most intimate type of group  an informal group is a less intimate gathering of people in which member interaction isn’t governed by explicit rules (ex: neighbours)  a primary group involve members who have a personal and emotional relationship with one another (ex: family)  typically primary groups are the most influential group to which one can belong  group is deeply invested in and concerned for its members  the members know one another’s personalities and share in one another triumphs/failures  ties within the group are very strong  primary group has power to persuade its members and expects a certain degree of conformity to its rules and beliefs (ex: parents restrict certain behaviours of their children)  primary group exerts a great deal of influence over the individual, and helps shape and define an individual’s attitudes  a secondary group is a large, impersonal gathering of people in which members’ roles are measured by their contributions to a common goal/purpose (ex: sports team—it’s large and impersonal, where intimate details aren’t shared among members)  exerts less influence than a primary group  instead of intimate talk, secondary groups involver small talk and occasional discussions  a virtual community is a group of individuals who communicate online (ex: people who interact over Facebook)  main function is to communicate  typically the members want to communicate globally with like minded individuals for a variety of reasons (social support, companionship, exchange of information)  face-to-face communication is rare, and members have creative/innovative ways of expressing themselves (ex: new forms of language like “lol”)  virtual community creates dependency among its members—at any given time of the day, members can have access to each other  the ability to chat at 3 A.M. in Toronto with someone in Mumbai is a form of communication that has far reaching implications for how we see ourselves now and in the future  can also be part of a person’s primary and secondary group  social networks are individuals who are linked together by one or more social relationships (doesn’t have to be virtual like Facebook)  on average, a human can only have meaningful social relationships with about 150 people at one time (Dunbar Number theory)  Robin Dunbar believes that if groups have larger than 150 people, the individuals become strangers to each other  when using Dunbar’s theory on Facebook, the average person has 120 friends, but people usually interact with a smaller group between 4-26 people  therefore, despite our technological advances, there is a limit to the number of interactions with which our brains can keep up The Power and Influence of Groups  every group has behaviours on how its members should and shouldn’t be
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