ANTA01H3 – LECTURE 11
Characteristics of Civilization Example: Teotihuacán (Mexico; 2,200-
Population as high as 100,000
City covered nearly 8 sq. miles
City centre had a main thoroughfare:
~2.8 miles long
Over 200 sacrificial victims
Teotihuacán Pyramid of the Moon - Pyramid of the Moon New phases of
building, 17 human skulls, decapitated
roof over the excavation
Egalitarian Societies - Hunter-gatherer societies
-lack formal social stratification.
-May display inequality in personal relations based on age, gender, or personal
-No category of people w/in the same sex or age group has special privilege.
Stratified Societies - organize around formal modes of social stratification.
-Likely to form classes or castes.