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ANTA01 - Day 1.docx

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Mary Silcox

September 9, 2013 ANTA01 - Introduction to Anthropology: Becoming Human – Day 1 Dr. Silcox: Anthropology  Anthropos = human  Logos = study  Gives a holistic view of humans  Across entire scope of the world  Subdivided into 4 subfields Cultural Anthropology = Social Anthropology  Highlights centrality idea of culture to disciplinary anthro  Culture: all aspects of human adaption including echnology, traditions, language, religion, and social roles. Culture is a set of learned behaviours; it is transmitted from one generation to the next through learning and not biological or genetic means.  Hot dog = the need to eat is biological; the desire to eat a hot dog is cultural  Ethnography: studying a group of people in a select time  Like to form cross-cultural comparison Linguistic Anthropology  Study of language in the anthropological context  Different cultures using different terms for the same idea/concept Archaeology  Study of material culture  Material culture: “the physical manifestation of human activites, such as tools, art and structures.”  The “stuff”  Study human behaviours  Don’t necessarily study written historical sources  Interested in stuff they left behind  4 different types of archaeology* 1. Prehistoric Archaeology o Study of non literar. Beginning of histo 2. Historic Archaeology o Beginning of historic Archaeology was 3000 bc 3. Bio Archaeology o Study of biological materials in the context of anthropology o Can study human, plant, & animal remains September 9, 2013 4. Cultural Resource Management o “the safeguarding of the archaeological heritage through the protection of sites and through salvage archaeology… generally within the framework of legislation designed to safeguard the past.” Evolutionary Anthropology  Modern Human variability*  Study of human evolution  There is also osteology (bones)  Forensic anthropology (application of forensic techniques in legal instances)  Medical anthropology (crosses cultural and biological)  Molecular anthropology (studying genetics to answer questions of evolution)  Human Evolution  Paleoanthropology (fossil record of human evolution)  Paleoprimatology (primate fossils from 45-65 million years)  Primatology (living humans study) Evolution  “Descent with modification” (Darwin, 1859) – change between generations, through time  “A change in genetic structure of a population from one generation to the next.” (Lewis et al., p. 2)  Belief in evolution and faith are put in opposition  Science is about empirical testing  Religion is about faith th Basic Tenets of 19 century Biblical Creationism a) The Earth was created by God relatively recently (Ussher in 1650 figured that Earth was created nd in Oct 22 , 4004 BC) b) Large scale changes to the Earth’s surface are the product of major catastrophes (catastrophism) c) Living things do not change through time (fixity of species) – no such thing as evolution; nothing could ever go extinct d) Fossils can be explained away  There was a belief that there was a hierarchy*  Uniform
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