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Lecture

Archaeological Methods.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA01H3
Professor
Genevieve Dewar
Semester
Fall

Description
Archaeological Methods 9/17/2013 10:13:00 AM Carbon dating, find out how old fossils are, and know if its legit. Where? Educated guessing, go looking for it What? When? Absolute dating How? Approaches of theories Who? Why? you can never get at why, you can come up with different theories but never know why Survey Morphological features - sources of water, clay, iron ore, firewood and etc.  local and oral history -troy/ Heinrich Schliemann field survey -surface walking -subsurface investigations electrical resistivity survey proton Magnetometry ground penetrating radar Sampling Lab Analysis -Inform us on where to look and where to not look when? BP (before present) 1950 AD Ya (years ago) Thousand years ago (kya) Millions of years ago (mya) 1,000,000 years ago could mean 900,000 – 1, 100 000 Relative dating methods -stratigraphy Seriation and self dating Stratigraphy & law od superposition Seriation- Measuring change through time due to changes in tech ra materials or styles of artifacts -styles appear gradually achieve some measure of acceptance an then Self dating Objects with actual dates- coins tombstones Objects that reflect the date- old basketball Souvenirs = maximum Dendrochronology - tree trunk rings - Radio Carbon Potassium Argon - decays faster -mos
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