Class Notes (834,733)
Canada (508,704)
Anthropology (1,586)
ANTA02H3 (394)
Lecture 10

Lecture 10

6 Pages
145 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA02H3
Professor
Bianca Dahl
Semester
Fall

Description
November 12, 2012 Sex, Gender, Sexuality 2 essay- talk about something you are interested in using course concepts 1. Straight forward conventional essay - write about righteous dopfine  marked on how you make connections and engage with course concepts in readings  trying to analyze the world  useful for thinking about the world in general  ex. make an argument about talking about concept of emotional force Birds & the Bees  Basic question: what are the differences between sex and gender?  SEX = the biological differences between male and female - visible differences in genitalia, and reproductive tools  GENDER = the social and cultural classification of masculine and feminine as socially meaningful categories that seem reasonable and appropriate -meaning we make of biological difference -it’s psychological -every culture recognizes distinction between male and female, but differ in meaning  SEXUALITY= A person’s sexual orientation or preferences; their sexual activity - the doing part of sex, having sex  All cultures recognize atleast two genders and sexes  A mismatch between sex and gender –biological stuff of one sex, but behave like a different gender  Sex described as biology here, h/e there are other definitions “Hijras” = man – man + woman  unic (man who has their balls cut off, sometimes whole penis cut off – can’t reproduce)  born biologically male, but dress like womrn  surgical removal of genitals  this doesn’t turn them into women, but into hijras  biologically man, but take away the genitalia and add on acting women o this becomes a THIRD SEX. Not woman/man o imperfectly female (take most of maleness, but still have it o take female names, can’t have sex with women o request to be consider as women in census, but not accepted as women o they are stigmatized Which two countries have the highest number of sex reassignment surgeries?  Thailand  Iran  No restrictive law in sex reassignment, h/e a lot in homosexuality  But if you feel like you were born into the wrong sex, can reassign Thinking through gender  Gender is a form of difference that is elaborated in all cultures, all societies, throughout all history, albeit in different ways  Not interested in biological stuff in this class, there are variations in sex – hermaphrodites  want to think of gender and sexuality in this course Examples.. !Kung san (bushmen)  have sex at young age, free to take lovers  discretion is advised b/c of jealousy  no double standard, but can cheat  female organism is important France – free vaginal tightening exercises Dani – five yr period a/f birth of child where parents don’t have sex  don’t seem interested in sex The Sambia (Gil Herdt)  infant born, means they have to marry  boys 7-10 yrs, moved into a male house. Where they have many initiations last 3 related to women who which they will marry  men really distrust women, - think women take semen from them  nature provides genital, but not vital spark for providing masculine strength and character  how is gender created? Believe that boys don’t automatically become viral and fetal, but need to have semen in boys, for them to grow into men thus, they have oral sex  not traumatic to these boys Gender Inequality  Gender is also about power  GENDER HEIRARCHY: the ways in which gendered activities and attributes are differentially valued and related to the distribution of resources, prestige, and power in a society hierarchy in all societies about gender (men getting paid more than women) debate is all about identity, but also about dominance and submission which is fundamentally about power  In more complex societies, there is a public –private(domestic) dichotomy men with the public, women with private (child baring etc.) not in every culture India – saving women through solar-powered cookstoves?  Distributed solar power cookstove, which was the solution to gender inequality in india, b/c women could only cook over wood stoves, where they had to walk hours and hours to get wood  With these solar-stoves, they will have more time to cook (didn’t have to walk far to get wood) and have more power  Taught how to use solar stoves, went back to check how things were going in India, and no one was using the stove why? b/c they were ingrained with their own social structures food didn’t taste as good cooking over fire made food taste different then solar power Holly Wardlow -women are like prostitutes – sleep for money,h/e not like prostitution b/c motivations and rules around how money is given is different from western sex work  Wardlow’s Intervention #1: Reflecting on ideas about prostitution/sex work in the West o Canadians tend to think sex is linked to intimacy and love; o When it’s commodified (turned into something that can be sold and bought), we think it becomes immoral o How people talk about things= a lens onto their ideologies: prostitution vs whoring (p.1030) women who actually do sell body for sex, use prostitution for job whoring, no straight fwd transaction—despicable action ex. Compromises on own morals. Kissing on the lips (pretty women) -if sex is intimate, a women will only choose to sell body for money is out of economic necessity  So feminists have tried to say, prostitution is work, labour, not just exploitation -don’t be so judgmental about it  Wardlow’s response? women
More Less

Related notes for ANTA02H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit