SCP chapter 8
• Social stratification: the hierarchical arrangement of individuals arrangement of
individuals based on wealth, power and prestige
• Meritocracy: a system based upon achievement rather than ascribed status
• Karl marx’s two central classes: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. He said that society
is divided into these classes on the basis of their relationship to the means of production
• Marx believed that as the proletariat class develops class consciousness (awareness of
workers shared interests and their ability to act on those interests) there will be a socialist
revolution, eradication of capitalist economies and a new mode of production.
• Webers 3 components of class stratification : class, status and power.
• Weber and marx agreed that the ownership of property was important in determining a
person’s position in society. Weber believed that it was not necessarily the sole
determinant of one’s class position.
• Weber said status can be known as prestige, ppl who have influence in society while
having few economic possessions.
• Weber said power is the ability to exert power or control over others despite their
• Davis and moore