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Lecture

Week 10 Lecture

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA02H3
Professor
Victor Barac
Semester
Summer

Description
Modernity and Culture Change Modernity describes a condition which enrols very recently Change in how people work Started with change in steam, electricity, and other forms of power now Urbanization = development of cities Urban society is also where various human skills and endeavours are concentrated (knowledge, wealth, power, etc.) are centres of markets and trade, etc. Rise of modern bureaucracy rise of states (municipal, provincial, federal), bureaucracies expand with the rise of corporations as well OVERVIEW 1. Cultural persistence - culture that is not changing 2. Mechanisms of Change 3. Modernization 4. Intensification Cultural persistence 1 most individuals, most of the time, are deeply committed to their customs. Richard Barrett, Culture and Conduct, 1991 Ethnocentrism feels natural If you speak a language, that is the only language In terms of addiction, people are addicted to their culture and that is normal Humans are not infinitely flexible, we do require a routine (much of our behaviour has to be relegated to our consciousness) Up until puberty, people can learn a new language without developing an accent Customs: dress, food, social rituals, etc. Cultural persistence 2 1. Culture as impediment Culture often is crystallized form, has an unchangeable nature, people expect a routine that is familiarpredictable 2. Limitations of prior accomplishment Once you decide on a particular path, you choose a particular cultural inventory to develop, then youre locked into it 3. Integration as impediment to change Culture is an integration, if you want to change one aspect of culture, it will have other effects on culture, any new elements have to fit into the existing conditions Cultural persistence 3 1. Adaptation is never perfect Its an ongoing process, is a contemporary compromise under the circumstances, it provides a contemporary equilibrium 2. Sudden, revolutionary change is rare Fail to change radical society, even the industrial revolution was not a revolution, was a gradual revolution www.notesolution.com
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