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Lecture

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA02H3
Professor
Horatio Morgan
Semester
Winter

Description
ANTA02: Introduction to Anthropology Class 2 January 14/15, 2013  Fieldwork and ethnography  Fieldwork as rite of passage  Armchair anthropology  Participant Observation  Objectivity/Positivism/Subjective knowledge  Edward Tylor, James Frazer, Bronislaw Malinowski, Franz Boas  Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism  Culture  Interpretive/symbolic anthropology “If you want to understand what anthropology is, look at what anthropologists do. Above all else, what anthropologists do is ethnography” (Monaghan and Just 2000: 13)  Ethnography (what anthropologists write) is, in turn, is based on fieldwork Culture from “the native’s point of view” (Malinowski; Geertz) Thick description (Geertz again) Context for knowledge about culture Philosophers and various explorers as “proto-anthropologists” Victorian anthropology (Tylor and Frazer): evolutionary, hierarchy of “civilization” Comparative, second-hand accounts “Armchair anthropology” Historical Particularism Cultural Relativism versus Ethnocentrism Relativist Fallacy The switch to fieldwork meant—first-hand knowledge; holistic knowledge; comparative, but not
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