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Lecture 5

ANTA02 - Week 5 - February 5, 2013

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Maggie Cummings

ANTA02 – February 5, 2013 – Week 5 Mid Term Exam Next week – In class 90 minutes - Bring student card during midterm - No tutorial next week (Thursday) and the week after (Reading week) - Multiple Choice – 50 Questions; 25% of final grade Questions of Biology, Blood, and Belonging II: Relatives and Relations - Kinship o Varies from culture to culture o How people are related to each other o A form of social organization o Shapes different aspects of life from status, child rearing practices, division of labour and etc. Key Terms/Names - Ego - Etic versus Emic - Eskimo and Iroquois Kinship classification - Matrilateral versus parallel cousins - Endogamy versus exogamy - Patrilineal/Matrilineal descent - Briceprice - Procreation as symbolic and paternity as cultural construct Kinship Symbols - Circle = Female - Triangle = Male - Equal Sign = Marriage - Vertical Line = Represents descent or parentage (Link between generations) - Horizontal Line = Sibling bond - Crossed Out Shape = Death - A slash going through Equal Sign = Divorce - Square = Didn’t know gender, In the centre of diagram (represents “EGO”) or unknown person o Ego is the person that is the starting part from where you start and find out their information  Ex. In an interview, the person would be the EGO (point of reference) Etic Versus Emic - Etic- Terms that are from an outsiders perspective - Emic – Terms that are from an insider’s perspective on how they call someone Etic Kinship Terms - Ego = Reference point for describing kin - Fa = Father - Mo = Mother - Br = Brother - Z = Sister - H = Husband - W = Wife - S = Son - Da = Daughter o These labels allow you to go as far as wide as you want, enabling you to go back many generations  Ex. MoZDaHSWDa Emic Kinship Terms - A = Aunt - U = Uncle - Cu = Cousins - Members of nuclear family would only be called Father, Mother, Brother, Sister o Shows that they are the most important in social organizations - 60% of cultures use unilineal kinship system - 40% of cultural use bilineal o Trobrianders use matrilineal from their mothers side; they belong in a special way to the matrilineal side Eskimo/Inuit Kinship Terms - Same kinship system practiced by other cultural groups Iroquois Kinship Terms - Unique that it is double uni
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